The State duty to protect emphasises the duty to take the necessary action to protect the population from human rights abuses, whether committed by public or private-sector actors, including business enterprises. This can be achieved by means of legislation, incentives and support measures.
The State can employ both binding and non-binding instruments to fulfil its duty to protect. In particular, it can also support corporate initiatives. The State duty to protect is supplemented by the corporate responsibility to respect human rights.